The most ancient cities in the world are places where you can visit important ruins and archaeological remains that testify to the ancient history and where you can breathe a unique atmosphere, steeped in history, charm and energy.
These cities where, in the course of the millennia, you have lived thousands and thousands of generations of men have been able to withstand time, to war and the changed economic scenarios, thus creating a continuum between one era to the next.
The primacy of the oldest city in the world goes to war-torn Aleppo in Syria, who are now going through a difficult time, following Jericho in the west bank, the city named in the Old and New Testament, and to this important pilgrimage destination.
One of the oldest cities include Matera in Italy and its Sassi declared a Unesco world Heritage site, Athens, the place where she was born, democracy and classical culture, and Jerusalem, the city holy and eternal.
Discover the most ancient cities of the world, their age, their features, attractions and where to stay:
- Aleppo, Syria – 13 thousand years
- Jericho, west bank – 12 thousand years
- Matera, Basilicata, Italy – 10 thousand years
- Athens, Greece – 7 thousand years
- Jerusalem, Israel – 4 thousand years old
1 – Aleppo, 13 thousand years
The oldest city in the world is the beautiful and melancholic Aleppo in Syria, for years the scene of a bloody civil war that has also destroyed many of its landmarks in ancient millennia.
The historic centre of Aleppo, declared a Unesco world Heritage site, has been reduced to rubble, which reveals the grandeur of this city that for millennia has been an important meeting point between West and East and between the Mediterranean and Mesopotamia, as evidenced by its immense souks now almost entirely destroyed.
The age of the city of Aleppo, which is about 13 thousand years, has been defined on the basis of some important archaeological finds made in its vicinity. Among these are tables of cuneiform dating back some 5 thousand years ago chronicling the commercial and military importance of this capital city of the ancient world.
2 – Jericho, 12 thousand years
Jericho in the west bank is another of the most ancient cities of the world, the first settlements in the area date back to 10 thousand.C., and it also boasts the primacy of the city’s most low of the Ground is 240 feet below the level of the sea. This feature, unfortunately, makes it a place extremely warm especially in the summer when the temperatures perceived can reach 50 degrees.
In the long dispute between Israel and Palestine, Jericho today is palestinian and is a major destination for pilgrimages in the Holy Land , as has been the theatre of important events of both the Old testament and the New Testament. This city is also located in a strategic place for those who want to see and swim in the Dead Sea that is located a few kilometers away.
- Where to sleep in Jericho: AubergIne – The House of Eggplants, a comfortable B&B situated at the foot of the Mount of Temptation, and close to other major attractions of the city, or To the Baiara Resort, a modern hotel that offers an outdoor swimming pool, a garden, a bar and a reception open 24 hours on 24.
3 – Matera, 10 thousand years
One of the oldest cities of the world, there is, also, Matera, Capital of Culture 2019.
The first residential settlements in the area of the City of the Sassi date back more than 10 thousand years ago. In fact, many of the houses located in the area of the Ravines of Matera, the depressions of the soil resulting from erosion, are been continuously inhabited from the Bronze Age up to the Fifties.
The districts of the Sasso Caveoso and the Sasso Barisano , which constitute the heart of Matera represent, however, another important evidence of how, since the beginning of time, man has learned to adapt to his needs as offered by nature. The homes of these two districts are the buildings built, modified and expanded in the quarries of the Murge, the plateau that extends from Basilicata to Puglia.
- Where to sleep in Matera: the Infinity of the Sassi, a hotel situated 300 metres from the Cathedral it offers rooms with air conditioning and a restaurant or Sant’angelo Luxury Resort, a structure consisting of 21 historical dwellings located in the area of the Sassi.
4 – Athens, 7 thousand years
Another city that boasts a millenary history is Athens, the place where on the night of the times born the concept of democracy and western culture.
Visiting theAcropolis, considered the universal symbol of the classical civilization, and theAgora , one has the impression of descending in a time distant and closing his eyes with a little imagination you can hear it echo in the air the disquisition of philosophers such as Socrates and Plato, the cheerful bustle of the merchants, but the echo far of the many battles that are studied at school.
The capital of Greece is not a city projected only in a past that is distant but is teeming with life and desire to start over, despite the deep economic crisis that has struck in recent years. Just treat yourself to a walk in the neighborhood of Monastiraki, full of bars, restaurants and shops, or in Plaka, the heart of the city inhabited by over 7 thousand years, to immerse themselves in an atmosphere that is lively and unique.
- Where to sleep in Athens: the Acropolis View Hotel is a hotel in the historic center from where you can enjoy a wonderful view of the Acropolis, or the President Hotel is a hotel with its rooftop terrace with a seasonal swimming pool.
5 – Jerusalem, 4 thousand years
Jerusalem, a place sacred to 3 religions, i.e. Judaism, Christianity and Islam, is another city with millenary history.
The Holy City is, in fact, inhabited by more than 4 thousand years and its every street, square, palace, church and religious building exudes a long and complex history that has made this place a point of encounter and confrontation between different religions and civilizations. According to the oral tradition of the elders of Jerusalem, here everyone can find their size and their “city”.